The downloading of this type of elements, suppose the capacity to gather information of the activity of the user and has implications in relation to your privacy.
What is a cookie?
Cookies are small files that are downloaded to your computer when you browse websites. A simple example would be when you enter the page of a web email account such as Gmail, Outlook or Yahoo Mail.
Cookies allow a website to recognize a user’s browser and do not contain or collect information. They are used, for example, to keep an authenticated user in an account like the previous ones without it being necessary to authenticate each time you access your account. Another example is advertising where based on ads that the user has previously visited, you are trying to offer more relevant ads.
Types of cookies
Depending on the entity that manages the domain from which the cookies are sent and treat the data obtained, two types can be distinguished:
• Own cookies: those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the editor itself and from which the service requested by the user is provided.
• Third party cookies: those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain that is not managed by the publisher, but by another entity that processes the data obtained through the cookies. In the event that cookies are installed from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself but the information collected through them is managed by a third party, they can not be considered as own cookies.
There is also a second classification according to the period of time they remain stored in the client’s browser, which may be:
• Session cookies: designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. They are usually used to store information that only interests to keep for the provision of the service requested by the user on a single occasion (eg a list of products purchased).
• Persistent cookies: the data is still stored in the terminal and can be accessed and processed during a period defined by the person responsible for the cookie, which can range from a few minutes to several years. Finally, there is another classification with five types of cookies according to the purpose for which the data obtained is processed:
• Technical cookies: those that allow the user to navigate through a web page, platform or application and the use of different options or services that exist in it, such as controlling traffic and data communication, identifying the session, access restricted access parts, remember the elements that make up an order, perform the purchase process of an order, make the request for registration or participation in an event, use security elements during navigation, store contents for dissemination of videos or sound or share content through social networks.
• Personalization cookies: allow the user to access the service with some predefined general characteristics based on a series of criteria in the user’s terminal, such as the language, the type of browser through which the user accesses the service, regional configuration from where you access the service, etc.
• Analysis cookies: allow the person responsible for them to monitor and analyze the behavior of the users of the websites to which they are linked. The information collected through this type of cookies is used in the measurement of the activity of the websites, application or platform and for the elaboration of navigation profiles of the users of said sites, applications and platforms, in order to introduce improvements in function of the analysis of the usage data made by the users of the service.
• Advertising cookies: allow the management, in the most efficient way possible, of the advertising spaces.
• Behavioral advertising cookies: they store information on the behavior of users obtained through the continuous observation of their browsing habits, which allows the development of a specific profile to display advertising based on it.
In mayialfaro.com we use the following types of cookies:
• Cookies of first parties: they are strictly necessary cookies. They allow the user to interact with the website using all its functions. (Duration between 23 days and three months).
• Performance and analysis cookies: these cookies are used for analysis and statistics that improve the website experience. By using these cookies you can show more relevant information to visitors. (Duration between 100 days and 1 year).
• Affiliation cookies: as a website with affiliate links, this type of cookie allows the affiliate company to detect that a client of its own comes from this site.
Likewise, Google Analytics enables cookies in the domain of the website called:
• “__utma”: it is necessary for the functioning of Google Analytics and has an expiration period of 2 years.
• “__utmz”: it is used to make the location of the visit, that is, from where and how the user has reached our website and expires after 6 months).
The objective is to collect statistics: the number of visits, the period of consultations, the search engine used to access the website, the keywords used, the overall location of the visitor, the contents visited on the website, as well as other traffic parameters on the website, always from anonymity.
Google stores this information collected by cookies so that no user is identified. Nor is your IP address associated with any other information you have. In addition, Google Inc is a company that is attached to the Safe Harbor Agreement. This agreement guarantees that the transferred data will be treated in accordance with the protection levels of European regulations. For more information about Google Analytics you can go to the following link.
How to deactivate cookies?
All browsers allow changes to be made to disable the configuration of cookies. These settings are located in the “options” or “preferences” menu of your browser.
Then we leave the links with instructions for different browsers where you will see how to disable cookies.
However, remember that disabling cookies means losing functionality on many websites.
• Instructions for Internet Explorer, here
• Instructions for Mozilla Firefox, here
• Instructions for Google Chrome, here
• Instructions for Safari, here
If you do not wish to be tracked by cookies, Google has developed a plugin to install in your browser that you can access at the following link.
Acceptance of the Cookies Policy
Given this information, it is possible to carry out the following actions:
• Accept cookies. This warning will not be displayed again when accessing any portal page during this session.
• Close. The notice is hidden on this page.
• Modify your configuration. You can obtain more information about what cookies and modify the configuration of your browser.